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Research and Resources

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The research and resources found on this site were produced within the past 5 years by the 15 federal agencies that are members of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Prevention of Underage Drinking (ICCPUD). Use the filters on the left to find current information on the complex causes and consequences of underage drinking as well as effective prevention, intervention, and treatment approaches. You also may search by audience to find out more about the role of different groups in protecting young people from early alcohol use and promoting their overall health and well-being.

Recently Added Resources

College binge drinking over time and contributing factors

Researchers followed 3,418 college students from different colleges from fall 2014 to summer 2016, tracking their binge drinking and factors that could affect their binge drinking. These included individual factors like demographics, social factors like parental relationships, and college-level factors like location and type of school. They found many factors were associated with more drinking at the beginning of the data collection period: being white; coming from more educated families; using alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco for the first time at younger ages; having parents who used alcohol; having greater social support; living in rural areas; and attending private colleges. White students and those at private colleges drank more in total. Students that were older, were sexual minorities, were living with ADHD, used other substances, experienced parental alcohol use, attended private colleges, or lived in rural areas binge drank more over the study period. They also identified four groups of binge drinkers: dabblers, slow decelerators, accelerators, and fast decelerators.

The paper, “Longitudinal changes in alcohol use and binge-drinking among young-adult college students: Analyses of predictors across system levels,” was funded by the National Cancer Institute and Fogarty International Center. It was published in the journal Addictive Behaviors.

Adolescent substance use from 2009 to 2019

Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) wanted to understand how adolescence affects substance use. They used CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey data from 2009 to 2019 to see how high schoolers were using different substances. They also looked at trends in adolescent substance use and which demographic factors were associated with substance use. They found current alcohol and lifetime cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, and injection drug use decreased from 2009 to 2019; lifetime synthetic marijuana use decreased from 2015 to 2019; and, lifetime marijuana use increased from 2009 to 2013 but then decreased from 2013 to 2019. Among high schoolers in 2019, 29.2% reported current alcohol, marijuana, prescription opioid use and binge drinking. They also found that substance use varied by sex, race/ethnicity, grade, and sexual minority status.

The paper, “Prescription Opioid Misuse and Use of Alcohol and Other Substances Among High School Students — Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2019,” was funded by the CDC. It was published as a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report supplement.

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