Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking

Read the latest and archived reports to Congress as mandated by the Sober Truth on Preventing Underage Drinking Act ("STOP Act"). These reports provide national and state data on underage drinking, enforcement, prevention, and legal policies. They also include information on the federally coordinated approach on underage drinking prevention and the National Media Campaign – "Talk. They Hear You."

State Performance and Best Practices

State Performance and Best Practices for the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking

Describes 26 evidence-based legal policies for underage drinking prevention (Policy Summaries), summarizes and analyzes data on state prevention and enforcement activities and expenditures, and shows state performance on six underage...

Underage Possession, Consumption, and Internal Possession

As of January 1, 2017, all states prohibit possession of alcoholic beverages (with certain exceptions) by those under age 21.

Underage Purchase and Attempted Purchase

Most states prohibit minors from purchasing or attempting to purchase alcoholic beverages.

False Identification ("False ID")

Inspecting government-issued identification (driver’s license, nondriver ID card, passport, and military ID card) is one major mechanism for ensuring that buyers meet minimum age requirements.

Youth Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits (Underage Operators of Noncommercial Motor Vehicles)

Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit policies establish the maximum amount of alcohol a minor can have in his or her bloodstream when operating a motor vehicle.

Loss of Driving Privileges for Alcohol Violations by Minors ("Use/Lose" Laws)

Use/lose laws authorize suspension or revocation of driving privileges as a penalty for underage purchase, possession, or consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Graduated Driver's Licenses

Graduated driver licensing (GDL) is a system designed to delay full licensure for teenage automobile drivers, thus allowing beginning drivers to gain experience under less risky conditions.

Furnishing Alcohol to Minors

All states prohibit furnishing alcoholic beverages to minors by both commercial servers (bars, restaurants, retail sales outlets) and noncommercial servers.

Compliance Check Protocols

Compliance checks involve an underage operative (a “decoy”)—working either with local law enforcement officials or with agents from the state alcoholic beverage control agency (ABC)— who enters an alcohol retail...

Penalty Guidelines for Sales/Service to Minors

In the majority of states, alcoholic beverage control (ABC) agencies are responsible for adjudicating administrative charges against licensees, including violations for sales or service to those under age 21.

Responsible Beverage Service

Responsible beverage service (RBS) training policies require or incentivize retail alcohol outlets to train licensees, managers, and servers/sellers to effectively implement policies and procedures that prevent alcohol sale and service...

Minimum Ages for On-Premises Servers and Bartenders

All states specify a minimum age for employees who serve or dispense alcoholic beverages...

Minimum Ages for Off-Premises Sellers

Most states have laws that specify a minimum age for employees who sell alcoholic beverages in off-premises establishments such as liquor stores.

Distance Limitations Applied to New Alcohol Outlets Near Universities, Colleges, and Primary and Secondary Schools

Policies that limit the placement of retail alcohol outlets near colleges and schools are designed to make alcohol less accessible to youth by keeping alcohol sales physically distant from locations...

Dram Shop Liability

Dram shop liability refers to the civil liability that commercial alcohol providers face for injuries or damages caused by their intoxicated or underage drinking patrons...

Social Host Liability

Social host liability refers to the civil liability that noncommercial alcohol providers face for injuries or damages caused by their intoxicated or underage drinking guests.

Hosting Underage Drinking Parties

Host party laws establish state-imposed liability against individuals (social hosts) responsible for underage drinking events on property they own, lease, or otherwise control.

Retailer Interstate Shipments of Alcohol

This policy addresses state laws that prohibit or permit retailers to ship alcohol directly to consumers located across state lines, usually by ordering alcohol over the Internet...

Direct Sales/Shipments From Producers to Consumers

State proscriptions against direct sales and shipments of alcohol from producers to consumers date back to the repeal of Prohibition.

Keg Registration

Keg registration laws (also called keg tagging laws) require wholesalers or retailers to attach tags, stickers, or engravings with an identification number to kegs exceeding a specified capacity.

Home Delivery

Home delivery restrictions prohibit or limit the ability of alcohol retailers to deliver alcoholic beverages to customers who are not present at their retail outlet...

Alcohol Taxes

There is ample evidence that the “economic availability” of alcoholic beverages (i.e., retail price) affects underage drinking and a wide variety of related consequences.

Low-Price, High-Volume Drink Specials

Restrictions on low-price, high-volume drink specials regulate on-premises retailers in their use of various price-related marketing tactics such as happy hours, two-for-one specials, or free drinks that encourage heavier consumption...

Wholesaler Pricing Restrictions

Many states included restrictions on wholesaler pricing practices intended to strengthen the three-tier system, reduce price competition among wholesalers and retailers, and combat corruption and crime in the alcohol market.

High-Proof Grain Alcoholic Beverages

This policy addresses state laws that prohibit or restrict the retail availability of high-proof grain alcoholic beverages as a strategy for reducing underage drinking, particularly underage binge drinking.

State Performance and Best Practices for the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking

Describes 26 evidence-based legal policies for underage drinking prevention (Policy Summaries), summarizes and analyzes data on state prevention and enforcement activities and expenditures, and shows state performance on six underage...

Underage Possession, Consumption, and Internal Possession

As of January 1, 2017, all states prohibit possession of alcoholic beverages (with certain exceptions) by those under age 21.

Underage Purchase and Attempted Purchase

Most states prohibit minors from purchasing or attempting to purchase alcoholic beverages.

False Identification ("False ID")

Inspecting government-issued identification (driver’s license, nondriver ID card, passport, and military ID card) is one major mechanism for ensuring that buyers meet minimum age requirements.

Youth Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits (Underage Operators of Noncommercial Motor Vehicles)

Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit policies establish the maximum amount of alcohol a minor can have in his or her bloodstream when operating a motor vehicle.

Loss of Driving Privileges for Alcohol Violations by Minors ("Use/Lose" Laws)

Use/lose laws authorize suspension or revocation of driving privileges as a penalty for underage purchase, possession, or consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Graduated Driver's Licenses

Graduated driver licensing (GDL) is a system designed to delay full licensure for teenage automobile drivers, thus allowing beginning drivers to gain experience under less risky conditions.

Furnishing Alcohol to Minors

All states prohibit furnishing alcoholic beverages to minors by both commercial servers (bars, restaurants, retail sales outlets) and noncommercial servers.

Compliance Check Protocols

Compliance checks involve an underage operative (a “decoy”)—working either with local law enforcement officials or with agents from the state alcoholic beverage control agency (ABC)— who enters an alcohol retail...

Penalty Guidelines for Sales/Service to Minors

In the majority of states, alcoholic beverage control (ABC) agencies are responsible for adjudicating administrative charges against licensees, including violations for sales or service to those under age 21.

Responsible Beverage Service

Responsible beverage service (RBS) training policies require or incentivize retail alcohol outlets to train licensees, managers, and servers/sellers to effectively implement policies and procedures that prevent alcohol sale and service...

Minimum Ages for On-Premises Servers and Bartenders

All states specify a minimum age for employees who serve or dispense alcoholic beverages...

Minimum Ages for Off-Premises Sellers

Most states have laws that specify a minimum age for employees who sell alcoholic beverages in off-premises establishments such as liquor stores.

Distance Limitations Applied to New Alcohol Outlets Near Universities, Colleges, and Primary and Secondary Schools

Policies that limit the placement of retail alcohol outlets near colleges and schools are designed to make alcohol less accessible to youth by keeping alcohol sales physically distant from locations...

Dram Shop Liability

Dram shop liability refers to the civil liability that commercial alcohol providers face for injuries or damages caused by their intoxicated or underage drinking patrons...

Social Host Liability

Social host liability refers to the civil liability that noncommercial alcohol providers face for injuries or damages caused by their intoxicated or underage drinking guests.

Hosting Underage Drinking Parties

Host party laws establish state-imposed liability against individuals (social hosts) responsible for underage drinking events on property they own, lease, or otherwise control.

Retailer Interstate Shipments of Alcohol

This policy addresses state laws that prohibit or permit retailers to ship alcohol directly to consumers located across state lines, usually by ordering alcohol over the Internet...

Direct Sales/Shipments From Producers to Consumers

State proscriptions against direct sales and shipments of alcohol from producers to consumers date back to the repeal of Prohibition.

Keg Registration

Keg registration laws (also called keg tagging laws) require wholesalers or retailers to attach tags, stickers, or engravings with an identification number to kegs exceeding a specified capacity.

Home Delivery

Home delivery restrictions prohibit or limit the ability of alcohol retailers to deliver alcoholic beverages to customers who are not present at their retail outlet...

Alcohol Taxes

There is ample evidence that the “economic availability” of alcoholic beverages (i.e., retail price) affects underage drinking and a wide variety of related consequences.

Low-Price, High-Volume Drink Specials

Restrictions on low-price, high-volume drink specials regulate on-premises retailers in their use of various price-related marketing tactics such as happy hours, two-for-one specials, or free drinks that encourage heavier consumption...

Wholesaler Pricing Restrictions

Many states included restrictions on wholesaler pricing practices intended to strengthen the three-tier system, reduce price competition among wholesalers and retailers, and combat corruption and crime in the alcohol market.

High-Proof Grain Alcoholic Beverages

This policy addresses state laws that prohibit or restrict the retail availability of high-proof grain alcoholic beverages as a strategy for reducing underage drinking, particularly underage binge drinking.

Supplemental Materials