Research & Resources

Sociocultural Influences on Alcohol Expectancies in Early Adolescence: Findings from the ABCD Study

Researchers in this study examined associations between alcohol expectancies (AE) and sociocultural factors across various domains (individual, family, peer, school, community, and culture) in a demographically diverse sample of 10- to 14-year-old youth in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD Study®). Researchers used 2-year follow-up data from the ABCD Release 3.0 for 5,322 early adolescents. Positive AEs were most strongly associated with familism, followed by other peer, school, community, and cultural level factors. Negative AEs were most strongly associated with the peer-level factor of relational victimization and the individual-level factor of negative life events, followed by other peer, school, and community-level factors. Researchers proposed that these results underscored the need for future research that integrates cultural factors into understanding alcohol use risk and resilience during early adolescence.

This paper, “Sociocultural influences on alcohol expectancies in early adolescence: Findings from the ABCD study,” was funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and published in the journal Health psychology.

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