Research & Resources

Leveraging Ecological Momentary Assessment to Examine Bi-Directional Associations Between Sleep Quality, Adolescent/Young Adult Alcohol Craving and Use

This study explored how alcohol use among adolescents and young adults influences sleep quality as well as how sleep quality influences alcohol use and alcohol craving. Each morning, for approximately 1 week, 115 adolescent/young adult participants reported their alcohol use from the prior day and their sleep quality from the prior night. They also rated their alcohol craving several times each day. Results showed that better overall sleep quality was associated with a lower likelihood of alcohol use. Poorer average sleep quality was associated with higher alcohol craving for females but not males. These findings suggest that better sleep quality may protect against alcohol use among all adolescents and young adults and serve as a protective factor against alcohol craving for females.

This paper, “Leveraging ecological momentary assessment to examine bi-directional associations between sleep quality, adolescent/young adult alcohol craving and use,” was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and published in the journal Annals of behavioral medicine.

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