Substance Use Risk and Protective Predictors Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adolescents
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in this study examined the factors involved in substances use (SU) among Native
Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NH/PI) adolescents and how to prevent it. They
investigated the effect of ecological risk and protective factors at the
individual, family, and school levels on SU for NH/PI adolescents. This
prospective study utilized longitudinal data from 120 NH/PI adolescents who
were part of an SU prevention program. Information was collected at two time
points and the parents of the adolescents also provided data; all information
was self-reported. Positive academic attitudes reported at Time 1 were
negatively associated with alcohol and other drug use reported at Time 2.
Specifically, NH/PI adolescents who reported more positive attitudes toward
their school, peers, and teachers reported less alcohol and other SU. The
researchers theorized that prevention efforts might be most effective for NH/PI
adolescents if addressed within the school context. This may include implementing
programs in schools, utilizing teachers as role models, and/or promoting
prosocial peer relationships to support positive behaviors.
This paper, “Examining risk and protective predictors of substance use
among low-income Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander adolescents,” was funded
by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and published in The American journal of orthopsychiatry.