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How stress, trauma, and negative emotions affect alcohol use disorder in women

Recent evidence on data from the past decade shows increases in alcohol use disorder (AUD) prevalence rates that are associated with substantially higher binge and heavy drinking and AUD prevalence in women compared to men. Researchers wanted to understand how several factors affect patterns and trajectories of alcohol use for women. One possible explanation is gender differences between occurrence and experiences of stress, trauma, childhood mistreatment, depression, anxiety disorders and negative emotions. They collected and analyzed scientific papers on these topics, focusing on the impact on women. Their review covered the psychological, social, and biological impact of each. Finally, they discussed what we do not know about each factor and gave advice for future research.

The paper, “The Role of Stress, Trauma, and Negative Affect in Alcohol Misuse and Alcohol Use Disorder in Women,” was funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. It was published in Alcohol Research Current Reviews.

Research & Resources