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Alcohol Use Among HIV-infected Pregnant Women in South Africa

This study examined patterns of and factors associated with alcohol use prior to and during pregnancy among HIV-infected pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa. Researchers used the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to assess the alcohol use of 580 participants who entered antenatal care at a Cape Town clinic. During the 12 months prior to pregnancy, 40 percent reported binge drinking associated with single relationship status, experience of intimate partner violence (IPV), and lower levels of HIV-related stigma. Of this group, 65 percent showed potentially hazardous alcohol use and were more likely to have IPV and higher levels of education. Among hazardous users, 70 percent reported reduced levels of consumption during pregnancy. Factors associated with reduced consumption included earlier gestation when entering antenatal care and a better relationship with healthcare providers.

The study, “Factors Associated With Alcohol Use Prior to and During Pregnancy Among HIV-Infected Pregnant Women in Cape Town, South Africa,” is published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence. The National Institute on Child Health and Human Development supported this research effort.

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