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Treatment Models for Drinking and Smoking Among Puerto Ricans

Researchers used a two-group, randomized clinical trial to test the efficacy of a behavioral intervention called Motivation And Problem Solving Plus (MAPS+). A group of 202 Puerto Ricans who were smokers and at-risk drinkers participated in the study. Participants were randomized into one of two interventions: one was a standard MAPS treatment focused on smoking cessation (S-MAPS), and the other was MAPS+, which focused on at-risk drinking reduction in addition to smoking cessation. The findings of co-action between smoking and drinking speak to the promise of multiple health behavior change interventions for substance use treatment and chronic disease prevention.

The study, “Combined Treatment for At-Risk Drinking and Smoking Cessation Among Puerto Ricans: A Randomized Clinical Trial,” is published in Addictive Behaviors. The National Cancer Institute, the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences supported this research effort.

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