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Research and Resources

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The research and resources found on this site were produced within the past 5 years by the 15 federal agencies that are members of the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Prevention of Underage Drinking (ICCPUD). Use the filters on the left to find current information on the complex causes and consequences of underage drinking as well as effective prevention, intervention, and treatment approaches. You also may search by audience to find out more about the role of different groups in protecting young people from early alcohol use and promoting their overall health and well-being.

Recently Added Resources

The connection between alcohol use, PTSD symptoms, risk taking, and impulsivity

There is a link between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use in veterans who experienced combat. Researchers found that both more risk taking and impulsivity were associated with increased alcohol use, number of drinks, and days of binge drinking in the past month. However, they found that neither impulsivity nor risk taking moderated the positive relationship between PTSD symptoms and alcohol use.

The paper, “Examination of the effects of impulsivity and risk-taking propensity on alcohol use in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans” was funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. It was published in the Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health.

Different factors affect differential risks of alcohol use disorder

People have different levels of risks for alcohol use disorder, even unrelated to the amount of alcohol they drink. In this paper, this is referred to as “addiction resistance.” Researchers sought to improve understanding of addiction resistance and what factors contribute to it. They studied a sample of healthy young adults to compare their levels of alcohol use and alcohol use disorder symptoms to look for moderating factors. Their results showed that greater emotional stability, norm adherence, and risky behavior avoidance, along with fewer family members with substance use disorders, enhanced addiction resistance.

The article, “Addiction resistance to alcohol: What about heavy drinkers who avoid alcohol problems?” was funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. It was published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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